Finally, in 1261 a sadly diminished Constantinople was reconquered by with the aid of Genoa, the traditional rival of Venice. Morale was terribly low, food was in short supply, and many of the men wanted to abandon the siege. Because of this, it is worth four stars, but not five. Envoys were sent to Venice. Jonathan Phillips explains how an initially Egypt bound expedition goes wrong from the start and ends up taking one of the most splendid cities of Christianity.
I have to lavish some praise on this book. Nivello also rewarded the nuns of the abbey of Our Lady of Soissons with a belt of the Virgin Mary, and to the abbey of St John of Vignes he dispatched the forearm of St John the Baptist. On that same night, he stole out of Constantinople and fled into exile. Alexius's promise of providing a fully financed and permanent garrison of 500 men in the Levant would greatly strengthen the small Christian army there, and the Greek Church's submission to Rome would appease the papacy--who had opposed the crusade's diversion to Zara and would almost certainly oppose a diversion to Constantinople 129. Phillips argues that the lack of manpower and financial resources was the main weakness of the crusaders and that their subsequent course stemmed from this. The choice was an immensely rich and chivalrous Italian with an impressive Crusader pedigree in his family, Marquis of Montferrat.
Whatever the value of the purloined goods, there was enough in the common purse to pay off the first tranche of debts recorded in the March Pact. It was a shocking confrontation marked with hideous bloodshed and barbarity as the soldiers of a relatively backward West invaded a far more civiliz The Crusades were a horrific series of religious wars that began with Alexius Comnenus requesting Western aid to push the Turks out of Anatolia in the decades after Manzikert and the botched response to that defeat opened the region to their invasion. The story behind the betrayal fittingly reads like a Greek tragedy, with a hint of old Roman satire thrown in for good measure. The purpose of this book is to tell the remarkable story of the Fourth Crusade—an episode coloured by brutality and determination; depravity and avarice, political intrigue and religious zeal. The walls of its ramparts were the tallest in all of Europe.
Indecency was perpetrated, if any fair object was concealed within the recesses of the body; thus the ill-doers and mischief-makers abused nature itself. Dondolo saw his golden opportunity and moved for the kill. Phillips is definitely qualified to write on the subject: he is the author of a number of crusade books and articles, he frequently speaks on television programs about the crusades, and he is a senior lecturer in medieval history at Royal Holloway, University of London. As a good historian, Phillips also considers how part of the deal would affect events that did not immediately concern the crusaders. The Crusade sailed to before arriving in Constantinople in late June 1203. The young Alexios,in exchange for his coronation with the help of the Europeans,promised the submission to the papacy and ten thousand soldiers ready to fight in the Holy Land. Rather than wantonly destroying all around like their comrades, the Venetians stole religious relics and works of art, which they would later take to Venice to adorn their own churches.
The minds of men were now fired by the glitter of gold, not the vision of the cross. The tension of waiting outside the city walls for months, suffering the attacks of the Greeks, and enduring the broken promises of food and aid, as well as a sense of anger toward people they viewed as heretics and murderers, spilled over into a surging mass of violence and destruction. This man possessed a helmet, armour and weapons, which he donned to pretend that he had just taken the house for himself When crusaders arrived to take over the property, Dominic beat them away, cursing them in their own language and claiming that the house and those inside were already his. But after a dramatic series of events, the crusaders turned against the Christian city of Constantinople, the heart of the Byzantine Empire and the greatest metropolis in the known world. The First Crusade had crossed the rubicon of religiously directed violence and allowed the formation of bodies of men sworn to the service of God, fighting the Devil in the world, rather than in the cloister.
In the next day or so, the old priest arranged some suitable accommodation for Martin and his entourage within the city and then, once more bearing his secret treasures, the abbot moved to this house where he concealed his prize. Mutinous Crusader armies captured, looted, and destroyed parts of , the capital of the. They could return home as failures or they could carry on to the Holy Land, although their weakened condition made it unlikely that they could recover Jerusalem. More importantly to the crusaders, the palace was packed with treasure accumulated over centuries of imperial rule. Was the sack of Constantinople Doge Dandolo's ambition all along, or is calling this atrocity a 'plot' giving him too much credit? Here, on the eight hundredth anniversary of the sack, is the extraordinary story of this epic catastrophe, told for the first time outside of academia by Jonathan Phillips, a leading expert on the crusades. Venice was as full of churches as any other medieval city, and to suggest a complete absence of religious motives from his efforts to involve his city is simply not credible. That they were Latin Christians fills Catholics with deep regret.
The Franks formed up in good order, with archers and crossbowmen in front of the knights. Yet Aleaumes wore a chain-mail hauberk and owned a horse, just like a knight, and his martial prowess was conspicuous. The treasures of the Byzantine court, accumulated over a thousand years, were looted. So, a good piece of entertaining popular story-telling, but it has its glitches and it is often somewhat imprecise and not very rigorous. Soon they began to send news of their achievement back to the West, arguing that God had exercised his judgment on the sinful Greeks.
The sack of Constantinople in 1204 by the Crusaders was one such milestone. But the crusaders never made it to the Holy Land. Stephen, and the Crusaders finally set their eyes on Constantinople, gateway to the Holy Land and capitol of the Byzantine Empire. The shipwrights and carpenters created a fighting platform about ninety-six feet above the deck. Amid increasing tensions, the virulently anti-Western noble Murtzuphlus murdered the emperor on February 8, 1204.
Instead, Alexios was murdered, anti-Latin forces came to power and the crusaders realized they were not going to get paid. The Venetian jumped first, but defenders slaughtered him almost immediately. Many other westerners were taken prisoner and sold into slavery under the Turks. In any case, the emperor had lost the will to fight. I was forcing myself through. Retreating before us they dared not fight.
With the support of Prince Alexius they would be in a far stronger position to accomplish their aim. The Venetians, being the rapacious traders they were, insisted that their 240 ships be paid for, but the Crusaders could not meet the astonishing asking price of 85,000 marks double the annual income of France at the time. At this darkest point of the campaign, the leaders gathered and resolved to make one more attack. The supreme irony is, therefore, that it was through the direct invitation of a Greek prince that the Fourth Crusade turned toward Constantinople. Then they sat and ate their fill, regardless of whether they were using sacred objects as tables, chairs or stools.