Although Gandhi did not officially designate Nehru his political heir until 1942, the Indian populace as early as the mid-1930s saw in Nehru the natural successor to Gandhi. As Ramachandra Guha notes Nehru was the connecting factor between the sovereign public and the middle class on one side and India and rest of the world on the other side. The Nehru—Gandhi family is an Indian that has occupied a prominent place in the. In all, Nehru spent more than nine years in jail. He was made President of the Congress Party many times.
Their only child, Indira Priyadarshini was born in 1917. The quality in Gandhi that impressed the two Nehrus was his insistence on action. He was arrested in 1921 for his anti- British activities. Nehru could never shake off the Cambridge in him and the Kashmiri roots, and may also have clung on to power for too long with no dictatorial designs obviously , but, most importantly, he comes off as a likeable human being in this book. Nehru will be always remembered in history as the bravest and sophisticated maker of modern India.
His son Jawaharlal became India's first prime minister. Though he contributed both for Besant and Tilak league, his contribution was greater for the former. Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889 in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. Jawaharlal also had a venerable Indian tutor who taught him Hindi and Sanskrit. He became very successful, with many clients who belonged to wealthy families. He also included free and compulsory primary education for all children in his five-year plan.
Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru being greeted by U. For the same, he established numerous institutions of higher learning, including All India Institute of Medical Sciences, the Indian Institutes of Technology, the Indian Institutes of Management and the National Institutes of Technology. During his tenure, he brought some changes in domestic, international, economic, agricultural and social policies. Only one of those—a part-Irish, part-Belgian theosophist, Ferdinand Brooks—appears to have made any impression on him. His first wife died during his childbirth. His political apprenticeship with the Congress Party lasted from 1919 to 1929.
No other Leaders in history faced such a tough situation has Nehru faced after independence. He was one of the builders of modern India. He worked hard to serve his country. Over the next 24 years he was to serve another eight periods of detention, the last and longest ending in June 1945, after an imprisonment of almost three years. Nehru received most of his primary education at home with the help of several tutors and governess. He became the 7th Prime Minister of India after Indira's death.
He was undoubtedly the central figure of the 20th century Indian politics and contributed much to the nation both before and after Independence. In the , India was the only nonaligned country to vote with the Soviet Union on the invasion of , and it was thereafter difficult for Nehru to command in his calls for nonalignment. Nehru campaigned whole over India for the in 1952 and people all over the country rushed to hear Nehru. He is considered as the maker of modern India because of the remarkable changes that he brought in as the first Prime Minister of India. He never made any type of discrimination between the citizens. Entered the field of international development with a career at the World Bank.
This is a quality many of the later prime ministers lacked. A sister, , later became the first woman president of the. His primary education was at his home only where tutors came to his house and took classes. Three years later, he continued his work in Allahabad. Nehru met Gandhi for the first time in 1916 at the annual meeting of the Congress Party in. Neither seems to have made any initially strong impression on the other.
Nehru appealed for complete national independence which was initially objected to by Gandhi who proposed a dominion status for India in a time frame of two years. He was a politician and union minister during the 1980s. . His strong disagreement with the fundamentalists, extremists and other violent groups gave energy to the people of India. The 1919 Amritsar massacre spurred him to join Mahatma Gandhi's noncooperation movement and cofound the Swaraj Party. In 1919 he took the charge of the secretary of the home rule league. By the time of the first conference of the in , now , in 1961, Nehru had substituted nonalignment for anticolonialism as his most-pressing concern.
One of the achievements of which he was particularly proud was the reform of the ancient Hindu civil code that finally enabled Hindu to enjoy equality with men in matters of inheritance and property. He was a voracious reader and during his childhood itself, Nehru was equipped with diverse knowledge. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 th November, 1889. Article shared by Short biography of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru for kids. Despite being a follower of peace and non-violence, he realised the importance of defence and tried to equip the country with the best modern equipments and defence methods to safeguard the freedom of the nation. Over the next thirty years, he rose to become the top political leader of the Indian National Congress Party and its struggle for independence from British. Publication date 1936 Media type Print Pages 672 An Autobiography also known as Towards The Freedom, 1936 is an book written by the first , while he was in.
After Gandhi arrested in January 1932, Nehru was charged with attempting to mount another civil disobedience movement. Moti Lai Nehru his father was a great lawyer. The colonial government completely looted this country which was once the most prosperous one. Until the age of 16, Nehru was educated at home by a series of English governesses and tutors. His contribution to building a strong India with democratic ethos cannot be denied by anyone. Many world Leaders always wanted to be like Nehru because his way of handling situations and implementing policies was always admired.