Include all the sources you used in your report in this section, as well as material you read which helped you understand your topic. The discussion section will talk about whether your hypothesis was supported by your experiment or not. Basically, sum up what you learned during the experiment. For example, with the seed experiment, the variable is the temperature at which the seeds are kept before you plant them. Ask a parent or teacher for help on the proper usage of commas, hyphens, capitalization, and numbers. Some experiments may go quickly, but others may take multiple weeks. Time, 123 12 , 23-34.
Scientists run experiments more than once to verify that results are consistent. Troubleshooting If your light bulb isn't lighting, first make sure you have a galvanized nail. Each time that you perform your experiment is called a run or a trial. So, your experimental procedure should also specify how many trials you intend to run. Just briefly discuss what you did to test the hypothesis. Practice your speech for presenting your project.
Therefore, finish the conclusion by recommending a replication of your experiment. . Enchanted Learning has a list of several different types of as well as information on how to use them and what topics fit best for each type of mind map and graphic organizer. This is because the conclusion is the section where you reiterate the main findings of the science project while giving readers a clear overview of the entire science project or experiment. This reminds readers about the research question while providing the basis for discussing the results.
While the Internet allows the user to access a wealth of information that is often more up-to-date than printed materials such as books and encyclopedias, there are certainly drawbacks to using it. Your results section shows how your experiment turned out, using specific numbers or outcomes. Add your reason for selecting the experiment. It is also always a good idea to have someone else read your paper. Conclusion What did you find out by doing your experiment? There can be a lot of variability that occurs during an experiment. Or, you can ask your teacher if you can repeat the previously performed experiment.
You need to take time before you write this section of a science project report. Also make sure that all the seeds get the same amount of light and water after you plant them. Remember a hypothesis is an educated guess or prediction. Explain what you believe will happen during the experiment based upon your previous knowledge or research. After you have written the rough draft of your paper, read through it again to make sure the ideas in your paper flow and are cohesive. Did you forget to do something? In our example, it would be important to run some trials in which the plants get no fertilizer at all.
Next, write out your testing procedure step-by-step. This is your hypothesis, and it is one of the most important parts of your science project. That way, you can prove what you did and can follow the same procedure if you need to repeat the experiment. The Results Results are the data, or information, that you collected. The main topic or subtopic is stated first, followed by supporting details that give more information about the topic.
Today, we're going to see if the chemicals in two lemons are enough to light a small light bulb, just like a battery does. For example, if you test what kinds of foods ants like to eat by offering different foods to 100 ants, and 70 of them chose donuts instead of potato chips, you might interpret that to mean that ants prefer foods containing sugar. You can print extra copies to hand out to judges so they can refer back to the abstract when considering the results of the fair. Make Suggestions Finally, your science fair project report should address potential changes that might make your experiment more effective and identify areas for further study. Even if the experiment disapproved the experiment, you must have discovered or learnt something new. The background is essential to properly designing your experiment and understanding how and why the experiment can answer the question you are asking.
The discussion section is the place to discuss patterns or trends in your results and what those patterns mean for your research. The directions may be numbered to be sure they are done in the correct order. Some experiments may go quickly, but others may take multiple weeks. Therefore, this science project has proven that a slight change in the purity of water affects its boiling point at the sea level. The purpose of a science fair project report is to explain the research behind the project, as well as the processes used to complete the project itself. The entire purpose behind completing an experiment is to advance scientific knowledge.
Use plants with the same starting height or just subtract the original height at the end. Her work has been featured on a variety of websites including: eHow, Answerbag and Opposing Views Cultures. Be sure to check with your science project instruction sheet in order to find out which method is required by your instructor. A procedure should be easy to follow. Your data should be in numbers. Add more steps if necessary. Insert the copper wire or penny into one slit and the nail into the other slit for each lemon.