List only the page number in parentheses if you mention the author by name in the text. These names should be followed by the date of publication enclosed in parentheses. All references in that section should be complete enough for readers to obtain a copy for themselves. When you are including entries in your reference list, it is best to be as specific as possible. Books and journals titles should be listed in italics.
If you're only citing a single contribution to an edited volume with multiple authors, rather than the volume itself, list the name of the author of that contribution as the author. Add the year of publication in parentheses. The answer is: Probably all of them. Unknown Author, Page on a Web site Global Warming. However, many current style manuals recommend italicizing book titles and magazine names impossible to do on a typewriter and using quotation marks around articles. Type the name of the publisher of the book, followed by a comma and a space. If the work is a journal article, include the title of the article immediately following the publication date.
Article from Online Newspaper Clinton, Bill. For information on evaluating internet sources, look at: For unusual reference citations such a government documents, technical reports, etc, refer to for a complete listing of citation formats. Articles and other works that do not provide an author attribution should begin with the title of the work. Each additional line of each entry should be indented a reasonable amount. This skill will serve you well in writing papers of all types, not just those required for classes. The volume number and page numbers of the article should follow journal titles, while book titles should be followed by the location and name of the publisher.
Place this at the end of your sentence, before the period. New York Times on the Web. This format is very similar to that of the Modern Language Association, and these are the most commonly used styles for publishing in the social and natural sciences. Use a date sufficiently specific for the item. Alphabetize the list by the first word in the reference. How you handle book titles in your work is a style choice not governed by grammarian law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
This shortened title must be italicized as well. Just another tool of your trade. The Works Cited page s is the final page s of the essay, and on it, there should be the correct page number s. Type the title of the book using sentence-case. Two authors cite both names every time : Brabant and Mooney 1986 have used the comic strip to examine evidence of sex role stereotyping. If the book was published in the United States, use the city and postal abbreviation of the state as the location. Place a period at the end of your bibliography entry.
If the book has a subtitle, add it in sentence case after the title. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Magnetic resonance imaging-2: Clinical uses. J Physiol 61 3 :113-118. The formats provided here are typical, but may vary in different publications depending on their particular needs and practices.
How to Write Guide: How to Cite Other Papers in Your Paper. Click and Clack 1974 demonstrated that mice treated with synthetic estrogen analogs react similarly. Whenever you paraphrase or quote material from your source, provide a parenthetical citation at the end of the sentence. Do not place a period at the end of the book's title. Do I italicize the series title and put the book title which I know is normally italicized in quotes? Then type the year the book was published.
After the period following the last author's initial, type a space, then open parentheses and type the year the book was published. If there are two references by the same author s for the same year, use letters after the year: Walters, 1993b. If the book has a subtitle, place a colon at the end of the title to introduce the subtitle. Put in parentheses the author s last names, the year, and optionally the page number s separated by commas. It stands for Modern Language Association.