Later it turned against imposition of Hindi as sole official language on non-Hindi speaking areas. The regional parties patriotism should not be suspected, regionalism does not weaken India. It is upto the policy makers and leadership as to how best they tackle it. Even India, which is bounded by common culture has released on this and many thousands years ago and so, for every Indian, it is an identity of an Indian first with outside the India and then comes to a regional identity. The difficult terrain surrounded by hills, rivers and dense forests leads to increase in the cost of administration, cost of developmental projects, besides making mobilisation of resources particularly difficult. The categorization and sub-categorization of the states on the basis of socio-economic indicators have generated resentment against the central leadership.
Tendency of people to feel more affinity to their territory, language, culture and social habits is called regionalism. In the Indian context, a country that claims to be a unity in diversity, the effects of regionalism are particularly prominent. Historical Factor: Historically, regional imbalances in India started from its British regime. Nevertheless, they are unavoidable in a vast country like India. This can be benevolent, as in evident in form or pretensions of the Bengali Bhadralok, who claim that their literature, music, dress and cuisine are superior to others in India. Regionalism in India is only a short cut to meet the political ambitions by emotionally exploiting the sentiments of the people.
This royalties of old territories helped the ex-rulers to win elections in the new states. We mean these feelings when we talk about regionalism. Though it helps in development and growth of a region by its people but on the other hand, it also creates feelings of ignorance or neglecting towards other regions. According to the report of States Reorganisation Commission, the demands for creation of new states were mainly based on allegedly unfair and unequal distribution of developmental benefits and expenditure in the muhi-lingual states. For example, Western Europe, or Southeast Asia which are linked by geography, common history or common economic interests. Thus regional imbalances arise due to such locational advantages attached to some regions and the locational disadvantages attached to some other backward regions.
Historical and cultural factors: In the Indian scenario, the historical and cultural factors assume greater significance. It has remained the basis of regional political parties. Regionalism and sub-regionalism are unavoidable in a country as vast and expansive as India. Regionalism has been a consistently growing trend in India, with regionalist political parties claiming many seats in India's parliament. Perhaps, this explains the fact that most regional forces have strike roots in non-Hindi belt Tamil Nadu, Andhra etc. Since these parties have their political reality in regional support, they give rise to regionalism for their interest and to gain power. These political parties are generally only found in that state, only deal with issues of that state, and advocate for the state to find its own solutions to political problems rather than dealing with the national government.
The issue of Hindi as official language saw grouping of South verses North states. Due to such divergent trend, imbalance between the different states in India has been continuously widening, inspite of framing achievement of regional balance as one of the important objectives of economic planning in the country. Nationalism in India Most countries in the world today encourage a healthy level of nationalism, in which association with a nation is a person's primary mode of identification as opposed to the hyper-nationalist tendencies of Nazi-like politics. Several parties have been existing in the country for the last many decades. Some of the most important the causes of regionalism in India are as follows: i Geographical Factor ii Historical and Cultural Factors iii Caste and Region iv Economic Factors i Geographical Factor: The territorial orientation based on geographical boundaries relate to the inhabitants of a particular region which are symbolic, at least in the Indian context. Finally, India's regionalism likely reflects discontentment and distrust with national politics.
According to the report of States Reorganisation Commission, the demands for creation of new states were mainly based on allegedly unfair and unequal distribution of developmental benefits and expenditure in the muhi-lingual states. These feelings of frustration andanger resulting from exclusion and neglect find expression in regionalism. Economic factors: Uneven development in many parts of the country may be construed as the prime reason of regionalism and separatism. Enforced uniformity in a huge country like India would be sheer-folly. The first meaning of regionalism pertains to the international level, where it refers to transnational cooperation to meet a common goal or to resolve a shared problem. Due to regionalism, a person forgets the unity or the nation and starts to plead for his favorite region.
Regionalism has remained perhaps the most potent force in Indian politics ever since independence 1947. Telangana movement is the best example of this type of regionalism. Both the people and the leadership need to realize that parochial and regional affiliations have their own limitations. At the base of it lies a sense of identity. But in the post-Independence era, efforts should have been made for regional balance in matters of industrial, agricultural and above all, economic development. It can be traced that regionalism slowly turned from non violent means to violent means to achieve their goals. Thus, Andhra Pradesh became the first linguistic state of India.
This is the same party that supported both Gandhi and Nehru, the foundational figures of Indian independence and national identity. In Indian context, regionalism refers to assertion of distinct ethnic, linguistic or economic interests by various groups within the nation. India is a very large country, but it's also a country where a lot of infrastructure is still in the process of being developed. The several components in this category are not only important individually but also in conjuction with each other. Politico-Administrative Component: The political component of regionalism is also important even though politics does not so much create, as accentuate and exploit the situation of regional feelings. People of a particular cultural group also derive inspirations from the noble deeds and glorious achievements of the local heroes.