Extends to the defendant the right of counsel in all state and federal criminal trials regardless of their ability to pay. In an 8—1 ruling, the Supreme Court found this Act to be an unconstitutional violation of the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. Must be secular legislative purpose. As the city expanded sand accumulated in the harbor and deprived Barron of deep waters essential to his business so he demands compensation from the state. Result: The Act violates the 1st A. Declared unconstitutional a New York act limiting the working hours of bakers due to a denial of the 14th Amendment rights. Dale, an adult homosexual and gay-rights activist, was excluded from Boy Scouts after the troop learned of this.
According to the Homosexual Conduct law, the two men were placed under arrest for engaging in homosexual relations. Congress cannot declare discrimination illegal. Terry presented a threat to the police. Established that Indian tribes had rights to tribal lands that preceded all other American law; only the federal government could take land from the tribes. The Attorney General ordered that under the Controlled Substances Act that physicians were prohibited from this practice. After being asked to end a speech twice with the threat of violence, Feiner was arrested leftist rally.
Clinton in a sexual harassment suit, the Court ruled that a sitting president did not have temporary immunity from a lawsuit for actions outside the realm of official duties. Bakke was more qualified than all of the students admitted in those two years. United States ruling, the Supreme Court held that religious duty is not a defense for criminal indictment. A state can neither require nor forbid segregation. Sandford was a 7—2 ruling issued in 1857. Result: The act does not violate the 1st A.
Result: Congress does not have the power to pass such an act under the Commerce Clause or the 14th A. Established tribal autonomy within their boundaries, i. A three part test was created to determine if non-public schools could receive aid from the government. The case involved the University of Michigan Law School admissions program, which gave special consideration to certain minority groups when considering university acceptance. They requested a search warrant and found evidence on Leon. Our Constitutional Amendments quiz is perfect for memorizing each of the 27 amendments to the U. It also decided that it is the role of the judicial system to interpret the scope of the Constitution.
Under the Vienna Convention, Mendellin said that he had a right to contact his consulate. Regents of the University of California 1978. This Supreme Court quiz will help you review and memorize these important decisions. The Court held that this affirmative action policy did not violate the 14th Amendment because the law school had a compelling interest in promoting class diversity. It is also important to know each of the landmark Supreme Court cases, and our quiz will prep you on 28 key decisions. Brzonkala, the woman who was raped, appealed her case under the Violence Against Women Act of 1994. The Village of Stratton requires that anyone wishing to advocate religious material on private property must get a permit to do so or be arrested for misdemeanor.
These cases involve individual rights, criminal law, federalism, first amendment rights, and more. The result is a clear and balanced approach to the teaching of American government and politics, and an improved course and exam that will benefit teachers and their students. A teen was suspected of having drugs in her purse and belongings at school. For the statements to be admissible, the defendant must have learned, understood, and voluntarily waived these rights. Result: Gun possession does not have a significant economic effect on interstate commerce and therefore the law is unconstitutional. Rejecting an appeal by Pres.
Re-established the authority of the federal government to fight monopolies under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. Lopez was arrested for carrying a concealed firearm into school under a law made by Congress which prohibits concealed weapons in school zones in relation to the Commerce Clause. The Court ruled that the Boy Scouts of America could dismiss a troop leader after learning he was gay, holding that the right to freedom of association outweighed a New Jersey anti - discrimination statute. Louis, and Pacific Railway Co. Families must have clear and convincing evidence that this is what the patient wants.
As a matter of judicial restraint, the Court should defer judgment to the legislature when it appears that there is a rational basis for the Act. Black children were denied admittance to a white public school. Also, the presence of guns in school is a substantial threat to the learning environment, which results in a less educated population, and therefore a less productive economy. The dispute involved a conservative non-profit corporation interested in broadcasting a film critical of Hillary Clinton. More information and resources are available on the. Any racial quota system supported by the government violated the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Our free Supreme Court cases quiz will test your knowledge on 28 landmark Supreme Court cases. A single decision on a group of cases with similar legal problems. Regents of the University of California v. The Court ruled that states cannot tax the federal government, i. S treaty obligation under the Vienna Convention. Government and Politics course and exam for the 2018-19 school year and beyond. These implied powers are an integral component of a functional national government.